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Colon cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths ahy vọng adults in the U.S. Anyone can be at risk. That’s why it is essential khổng lồ receive a personalized diagnosis and colon cancer treatment plan.

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The UCLA Gastrointestinal Oncology Program brings together nationally recognized leaders in their specialties. These experts have sầu experience in the lademo therapies. They offer time-tested treatments and clinical trials of the newest advances. Here, you’ll receive sầu coordinated care for your best chance against colon cancer.

What Is Colon Cancer?

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Colon cancer develops when cells mutate (change) in the colon. The colon, also known as the large intestine, is the tube that makes up the last part of the digestive tract. Colon growths, called polyps, can become cancerous over time. The most common type of colorectal tumor is called adenocarcinoma.

The colon and the rectum consist of similar cells và can develop the same types of cancer. Cancer in the rectum is called rectal cancer. Together, these cancers are called colorectal cancer.

Risk factors that increase a person’s likelihood of developing colon cancer include:

Family history of colorectal cancerDiet high in charred, processed or red meatInactive lifestyle or being overweight

What Are the Symptoms of Colon Cancer?

Many symptoms of colon cancer can be mistaken for other conditions, lượt thích gastrointestinal (GI) upset. If these symptoms last longer than a week or so, talk to a doctor:

Diarrhea, constipation or feeling like you need khổng lồ have a bowel movementNarrowing of the stoolBlood in the stool or dark stoolsPain or cramping in the abdomen (belly)Fatigue, weakness or unexpected weight loss

How Is Colon Cancer Diagnosed?

Regular colonoscopies are important lớn screen for precancerous polyps (growths) or possible colon cancer. To confirm a colon cancer diagnosis, doctors may use:

Blood tests: Your doctor will order a complete blood count & other tests khổng lồ kiểm tra for unusual blood markers. The lab can check for tumor markers, substances that a colorectal tumor releases into lớn the blood. They can also check liver enzymes, which can indicate if cancer cells have sầu spread khổng lồ your liver. Diagnostic colonoscopy: To kiểm tra the location and status of colon growths, your doctor may do a diagnostic colonoscopy. During this demo, the doctor can take a sample (biopsy) of a growth in the colon. The laboratory evaluates the biopsy sample, including doing genetic testing, lớn provide a diagnosis.

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How Is Colon Cancer Treated?

If doctors diagnose colon cancer, they will talk with you about the tumor’s kích cỡ & location (stage). They will also determine whether it has spread (metastasized) in your body toàn thân. Then your team will discuss your options with you. UCLA offers the most advanced treatments for all stages và degrees of colon cancer. Colon cancer treatment may be local, lượt thích surgery or radiation, or systemic, lượt thích chemotherapy or immunotherapy.

Local treatments

Local colon cancer treatments remove sầu or destroy cancer cells in one area. Local treatment includes:

Systemic treatments

Systemic colon cancer therapies attack cancer cells throughout your body, including at their source. Systemic treatments include:

Chemotherapy: UCLA’s doctors helped develop some of the medications in current use for metastatic colon cancer, including panitumumab (Vectibix®) & bevacizumab (Avastin®). Ongoing, large clinical trials are studying new medications.Biongắn gọn xúc tích therapy: UCLA offers two types of biongắn gọn xúc tích treatments, also called targeted therapy. One type, anti-angiogenesis therapy, starves tumors of blood flow. Another type, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Inhibitor, blocks the EGFR protein that doctors believe contributes to the growth of colorectal cancer.

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Contact Us

To schedule an appointment with the UCLA Gastrointestinal Oncology Program, please Điện thoại tư vấn the UCLA Cancer Hotline at 888-ONC-UCLA (888-662-8252) Monday through Friday, 9am lớn 5pm, or our Physician Referral Service at1-800-UCLA-MD1 (800-825-2631).

Chuyên mục: Tin Tức